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عنوان: Blogwars: The New Political Battleground
مؤلف: David D. Perlmutter
مترجم: -
ناشر: Oxford University Press
سال انتشار: 2008
امتیاز آمازون:
تعداد صفحات: 272
شابک: 0195305574
شابک(13): 9780195305579
مشخصات: xxv, 246 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
رده بندی کنگره: JA85.2
دیویی: 320.97301/4
دیویی نرمال: 320.973014
نوع فایل: PDF
حجم فایل: 1.15 مگابایت
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چکیده
Political blogs have grown astronomically in the last half-decade. In just one month in 2005, for example, popular blog DailyKos received more unique visitors than the population of Iowa and New Hampshire combined. But how much political impact do bloggers really have?
In Blogwars, David D. Perlmutter examines this rapidly burgeoning phenomenon, exploring the degree to which blogs influence--or fail to influence--American political life. Challenging the hype, Perlmutter points out that blogs are not that powerful by traditional political measures: while bloggers can offer cogent and convincing arguments and bring before their readers information not readily available elsewhere, they have no financial, moral, social, or cultural leverage to compel readers to engage in any particular political behavior. Indeed, blogs have scored mixed results in their past political crusades. But in the end, Perlmutter argues that blogs, in their wide dissemination of information and opinions, actually serve to improve democracy and enrich political culture. He highlights a number of the particularly noteworthy blogs from the specialty to the superblog-including popular sites such as Daily Kos, The Huffington Post, Powerlineblog, Instapundit, and Talking Points Memo--and shows how blogs are becoming part of the tool kit of political professionals, from presidential candidates to advertising consultants. While the political future may be uncertain, it will not be unblogged.
For many Internet users, blogs are the news and editorial sites of record, replacing traditional newspapers, magazines, and television news programs. Blogwars offers the first full examination of this new and controversial force on America's political landscape.
 
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If Blogs had been around in th


In 1934 Columbia University social scientist Theodore Abel persuaded the German government to carry out this project among the German people: Abel offered cash prizes for the essays that best expressed how and why the Nationalist Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) achieved such rapid growth and popularity. Abel published the 'winning essays' and a less-than methodologically perfect analysis in 1938, under the title, Why Hitler Came into Power. Apparently aware of his methodological limitations, Abel resisted making unwarranted generalizations, but did prise open a chink in the prevailing belief that

"the NSDAP was essentially a lower-middle-class movement supported by elements of the undereducated, economically marginal ...petty bourgeoisie desperately afraid of proletarianization during a period of acute economic distress and social dislocation".... to whom National Socialism was " "the psychological reaction of the lower middle class" to the political traumas of the postwar era and the loss of its economic position and social status."

Abel, and subsequent analysts of the essays he collected, realized that the appeal of NSDAP ranged across all classes of German society; something more than economic dislocation was taking place: German people, rich, poor, and in between felt their values were being undermined; they joined NSDAP as a way to reclaim their national identity.

Of the blogs Perlmutter discusses in Blog Wars., the most familiar is DailyKos, presumably a wide open forum for advocacy of all things that tend to support the Democratic party. But like Abel's research, a closer look reveals serious stresses and maybe even an "enemy within" DailyKos's open forum. Specifically, censorship has been wrested from the generous hands of Markos Moulitsas, founder of DailyKos, who reminds bloggers to whom he offers a free forum to express their thoughts that DailyKos is his private property, and if he "decides that entries must be written in iambic pentameter," posters either comply or find another forum. Moulitsas holds the reins very loosely; not so some self-appointed vigilantes on the DailyKos forum, who have anointed themselves the lords and ladies of correctness on DailyKos.

But what is more interesting than the evolution of a group of self-appointed censors who are NOT Moulitsas but who co-opt his ownership privileges, is that the greatest sin one can commit on a forum dedicated to upholding American, Constitutional, and Democratic principles, is to fail to pay proper obeisance to Israel. Posters on DailyKos who, in the opinion of these vigilantes pay too much attention to Iran or refer too frequently to books such as The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy or Treacherous Alliance: The Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the United States, for example, find themselves banned from the site. Kossacks who criticize neocons, zionism, or Israeli oppression of Palestinian Arabs can, and often do, find themselves in the middle of a hornet's nest of ardently pro-Israel "TUs" -- Trusted Users -- who use privileges given them by longevity on the forum to silence many voices that challenge the necessity of America's unconditional support for Israel, pinned to the wall with the all-purpose label, antisemite. For example, Kossacks who challenge the validity of polls that are submitted as evidence that "Americans overwhelmingly support Israel" are banned, as are forum members who question why it is essential that an American support Israel.

On the other hand, no endorsement of Israeli actions that might be harmful to American interests or contrary to American values is ever questioned. For example, a diarist who wrote,

"Having been barmitzvahed on top of Masada, being fluent reading Hebrew, having gone to Hebrew school for 10 years, having toured Israel,...I know a little bit about Judaism. ... From these roots ...comes a toughness, no nonsense streak that many may find illiberal....a streak that says that if you F**k with Jewish people for no reason and you are an anti-Semite, you are going to get F**ked back at least 5 times as hard. It's the mentality of Never break someone's finger but if they break one of yours, you break 5 of theirs. If a terrorist kills 1 civilian, you go kill 100 terrorists."

Those are not American values. One commenter challenged the diarist on that statement. The commenter was banned, but the diarist making the less-than-American statement received nearly 40 'tips.'

Christianity is also fair game on DailyKos, and the trollhunters who ensure Jewish and Israeli correctness on DKos are not only out to lunch when Christianity is denigrated, as it is routinely, they use openly anti-Christian statements as their final fillip when banning.

What does the existence of an Israeli-correctness posse on DailyKos have to do with Theodore Abel's collection of essays from Germans in 1933? Just this: when patriotic citizens of a nation who worked hard to develop their own identity and values find those values hijacked by groups who not only do not share them but try to destroy them, those citizens get mad, and they find a way to recalibrate their identity and values.

Abel's essays, and blogs, are ways to express and to discover the mood of the people. Censoring the voices who express a discontented mood makes as much sense as telling a cut finger to stop bleeding.
 
Sunday, June 22, 2008

The Most Comprehensive Book on


Perlmutter offers an entertaining and insightful review of the history of blogging (pre-internet to its current form), and peppers his analysis with information gleaned from interviews with the most important bloggers today.

This is a particularly well-written book: inviting enough for those new to the blogosphere, yet penetrating enough to satisfy those more well-versed with the phenomenon.

Great read.
 
Wednesday, May 07, 2008

Blogwars Reviewt


As a blogger, this has possibly been the most informative book on blogging that I've read. Perlmutter tells us the history of blogging in an enjoyable and readable way. Never redundant and never boring, he's plunged us into a "bloggy" world that even I didn't realize was so huge.

I think this book is a definite "must read" for those looking to start their own blog, not necessarily political, and looking for insight about how a blog reaches the masses and if what you're saying is affecting them.

The impact of blogging is finally noticed and it's great to read along as Perlmutter tackles it. Though he makes valid points about blogs not having the physical evidence to back them up, he still regards them with poignancy and value.

For all bloggers or even just those interested in the cyber world of writing, this book is it!
 
Wednesday, May 07, 2008

An excellent read


Prior to reading the book, I was pretty ignorant to the world of Blogging. As one who does not read political Blogs, I was mainly confused about why people do Blog and why others read them. Those answers, and then some, were answered by this book.

Perlmutter starts out explaining what a Blog is, which is easy to understand to the non tech-savvy individual. However, the book does not insult one's intelligence at all. It moves along quickly with fascinating facts and humorous bits that make the book a joy to read.

The introspective book is an excellent jump-on point for the non-Blogger and Blogger alike. It's fun, informative and just plain enjoyable.
 
Wednesday, May 07, 2008

 
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